Normal blood pressure is extremely important to survive. However, many people across the globe have varying blood pressure levels due to different reasons. While some might experience high levels, also known as hypertension, some also experience low blood pressure levels. To know that your blood pressure is within the normal range, you need to measure it using a machine, which displays a reading that consists of two figures— the upper number being the systolic figure and lower number being the diastolic figure.
According to the American Heart Association, commonly known as the AHA, there are five main blood pressure ranges. Let’s discuss them in detail:
Blood pressure results with a systolic number of less than 120 mm Hg and a diastolic number of less than 80 mm Hg is the normal blood pressure range. This means that the normal blood pressure range is less than 120/80.
This result means that you are healthy and don’t require any medication. In order to maintain a normal blood pressure range, you are expected to follow and stick to healthy habits such as maintaining a balanced and healthy diet and engaging in physical activities to keep your body active.
Elevated blood pressure levels are experienced when your blood pressure reading is slightly aggravated than the normal blood pressure range. At this stage, the systolic pressure readings are consistently between 120 and 129, whereas the diastolic pressure readings are typically less than 80 mm Hg. People who consistently experience elevated blood pressure levels are always at the risk of developing high blood pressure. To prevent this from happening, doctors suggest a few steps to bring the situation under control.
Hypertension Stage 1
Consistently aggravated and elevated blood pressure levels can lead an individual to develop hypertension. When a person has hypertension stage 1, their systolic blood pressure readings range from 130 to 139, whereas their diastolic pressure level ranges from 80 to 89 mm Hg. When your blood pressure reaches this stage, the situation gets more serious and doctors recommend lifestyle changes and consider prescribing blood pressure medication. The medication is typically based on your risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
Hypertension Stage 2
If hypertension stage 1 isn’t controlled immediately, you are pushed onto the next stage – hypertension stage 2. At this stage, your blood pressure reading is around 140/ 90 mm Hg or higher. Once your blood pressure reaches this stage, doctors will recommend various combinations of medications alongside some extensive lifestyle and dietary changes.
The hypertensive crisis stage of high blood pressure requires immediate medical attention. At this stage, if your blood pressure readings vary or suddenly exceed 180/120mm Hg, you need to test it again after 5 minutes. In case your blood pressure readings are unusually high, you need to pay an immediate visit to your doctor.
High blood pressure levels can severely damage your internal organs and cause medical emergencies like heart attacks and strokes. If you are experiencing unusually high blood pressure levels, you should visit a doctor immediately!